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Mauzac et Grand Castang Town Hall

 

In the heart of the middle Dordogne valley, the town of Mauzac and Grand-Castang, whose rich past is linked with the river, welcomes you by presenting its history.

- Prehistoric era: Less than 35 000 years ago, the caves at Roquebecude and Roquegrosse (Cingle de Trémolat Mauzac) sheltered powerful CRO-MAGNON men who left hewn flint, lance points, and bone harpoons on the commune’s land.

- 5th century: The cave or rock shelter the Mariotte, a lookout post carved in the rock, kept a watch over the Dordogne River, which was the only way inland toward the upcountry. The first invaders were the Francs.

- 9th century: Invasion by the Normands, who plundered and set fire to Paunat Abbey (847).

13th century: The parishes of Mauzac and Saint Meyme were under the jurisdiction of the Millac seigniory in our commune, stronghold serving the BORDEAUX archdiocese.

     
 

- 17-18-19th centuries: The Dordogne River became an important commercial and cultural route. 10 to 20-ton argentats (boats) and 30 to 50-ton gabares (traditional flat-bottom boats) transported merchandise by water during six or seven months per year: wood for casks, baskets, cheese, wine, and also metal products from the Vézère Foundry (cannons and cannonballs), which were delivered to the BORDEAUX navy. Salt, spices, and sugar were towed upstream to the high country.

 

     
 
     
 

- 1838-1843: The significant dangers and many shipwrecks in the rapids at Gratusse and Pesqueyroux called for the construction of the first dam and a side canal from Mauzac to Tuilières (15 km 375m long, 9 locks and 3 parking ponds)

- 1858: In the port of Mauzac, the boat master, DESQUEYRAT, had three 17- ton argentats and a 75-ton coureau (a type of gabare used on the middle and lower Dordogne River). In 1848, the Navigation bureau at LIMEUIL counted 325 boats per year. In 1897, only 65.


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